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Particle size

Particle size distributions from sub-nanometer to millimeters.

By far the most important physical property of particulate samples is particle size. Measurement of particle size distributions is routinely carried out across a wide range of industries and is often a critical parameter in the manufacture of many products.

Français, Insitec, Laser Diffraction, Meet the Experts, Parsum, Particle size, Spatial Filter Velocimetry »

[23 Mar 2017 | ]

“Lit d’air fluidisé : Granulation, Enrobage et Encapsulation”

Malvern, leader en caractérisation des particules, SDTech Micro, expert des poudres fines, et son partenaire technique Glatt, leader mondial en lit d’air fluidisé, organisent deux journées techniques pour aborder les enjeux et les nouveautés technologiques des procédés de granulation, d’enrobage et d’encapsulation en lit d’air fluidisé. Rappels théoriques et ateliers pratiques sont au programme.
THEMATIQUES :
25 avril :

Présentation de SDTech et de Glatt
Lit d’air fluidisé, techniques et technologies
De la poudre aux grains, caractérisation
1er atelier : Granulation en lit d’air fluidisé

26 avril :

Sécurité des poudres …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Molecular size, Particle concentration, Particle size, Protein Aggregation, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[7 Mar 2017 | ]

How can I use DLS for sample xyz?
What sample concentration / refractive index is needed for reliable DLS size measurements?

Has it been done before?
In Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) intensity fluctuations in the sample are analyzed to obtain size information on the sample. The technique is applicable to a wide size range from sub-nanometer up to a few microns. In order to obtain a meaningful result, a minimum scattering signal strength must be present. Malvern’s Zetasizer Nano software contains a calculator to help estimate the required minimum concentration.
If anyone else has …

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Binding affinity and Kd, Differential Scanning Calorimetry, Dynamic Light Scattering, Français, Gel permeation chromatography, Image Analysis, Isothermal Titration Calorimetry, Laser Diffraction, Meet the Experts, Molecular size, Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis, Particle concentration, Particle size, Rheological and Viscosity, Rheometry - Rotational, Size Exclusion Chromatography, Static Light Scattering, Zeta potential »

[21 Feb 2017 | ]

Afin de vous apporter un support concret pour utiliser votre système de façon optimale, finaliser vos bonnes pratiques de laboratoire et répondre à vos besoins spécifiques, Malvern organise des formations sur site ou en sessions dans nos 3 agences françaises (Orsay, Lyon et Toulouse).
Voici les dates de toutes les sessions programmées pour 2017 :
CARACTERISATION DES PARTICULES PAR DIFFRACTION LASER
Objectifs : Perfectionner les méthodes de caractérisation des particules en voie sèche et liquide, définir les bonnes pratiques de laboratoire et s’adapter aux besoins spécifiques de chaque installation. Comprendre le principe physique …

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Meet the Experts, Molecular weight, OMNISEC, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zeta potential, Zetasizer »

[30 Jan 2017 | ]

Malvern Instruments takes part at the 8th International Symposium on the Separation and Characterization of Natural and Synthetic Macromolecules (SCM-8) at Rhone Events & Congrescenter. The main interest of the conference is the separation and characterization of large molecules. The target audience includes specialists from analytical chemistry, polymer science, and life-science communities.
Malvern is a sponsor of the conference so keep an eye out for us at our booth. In addition, I will give a talk on Thursday February, 2nd about ‘Combining Multi-Detector GPC Measurements with Ultra-High Performance GPC Separations’. The …

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Malvern Events, Particle size »

[24 Jan 2017 | ]

The Pharmaceutical Analysis of Powders – Particle Size Determination seminar is to be held March 1st at Bella Sky in Copenhagen and is co-organized by Malvern Instruments and Particle Analytical.
If you are working with products manufactured from powdered solids in the pharmaceutical industry, this might be the course for you.
The most important physical property of particulate samples is particle size – this has a direct influence on material properties such as reactivity, dissolution rate, stability, flowability and handling. Therefore, particle size distribution should be known, and also controlled. Ultimately this helps to …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Molecular size, Molecular structure, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[27 Dec 2016 | ]

How to measure it with DLS?
What virus concentration is needed for reliable DLS size measurements?
 
What is a virus?
In cell biology, a virus is a self assembly of organic molecules (mainly proteins) in the size range 20 nm – 300 nm (diameter). Viruses hold great interest for human gene therapy researchers, and the AAV-2  virus shown to the left is an example.
How to size a virus in solution?

One of the techniques available to size viruses (as well as other biological nanoparticles) is Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), where intensity fluctuations in a small …

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Particle size, Tech Talk »

[15 Dec 2016 | ]

Paul Kippax alerted me to an interesting piece in Chemical Watch (Global Risk and Regulation News). It’s based on a comment by the European Commission Joint Research Council (JRC) that:
‘The term “particle size” does not sufficiently describe the exact quantity that is measured, across different nanomaterial particle size analysis (PSA) methods’.
‘Our findings show that the equivalent diameter values of some measurement methods do not agree and that the results of some others only agree, due to their relatively large uncertainties,” the study authors say.
“For a reliable comparison of particle size, …

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Kinexus, Mastersizer, Particle size, Rheological and Viscosity »

[1 Dec 2016 | ]

Peeling back the foil on a gold coin. Popping a perforated window on a festive calendar. Pursuing your favourite coloured wrapper around a bowl. The prize inside many little packages we open this season will be chocolate.
The secret of chocolate’s almost universal appeal is in the mouthfeel the “snap” of the first bite, how the chocolate melts and how it coats the inside of the mouth. Despite being a consumer experience, mouthfeel is strongly related to materials science – chocolate being a complex composite material.
Our instruments hold the key to many of …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Français, Laser Diffraction, Malvern Events, Meet the Experts, Nanosight, Particle size, Static Light Scattering, Zetasizer »

[23 Nov 2016 | ]

Les 20èmes rencontres organisées à Rennes auront lieu du 28 au 30 novembre avec la collaboration l’Institut des Sciences Chimiques de Rennes et la plateforme ScanMat. La directrice de cette plateforme, Maryline Guilloux-Viry, nous fera l’honneur d’accueillir les participants et de présenter les moyens et compétences disponibles au sein de la fédération des 5 plateformes constituant ScanMat (Microscopies électroniques, Analyses structurales et élémentaire, Synthèse et mise en forme, Spectroscopies et Microspectroscopies optiques).
Les nanoparticules seront au cœur de ces rencontres avec une évocation des nouvelles réglementations de REACH qui seront en vigueur …

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Customer experience, Dynamic Light Scattering, Electrophoretic light scattering, Molecular size, Molecular weight, Particle size, Zeta potential, Zetasizer »

[20 Oct 2016 | ]

How can I save paper and print a Zetasizer report as a PDF?
 
Why print?
The Zetasizer software includes several popular report options. The most frequently used of these is probably the Intensity PSD (M), which gives a compact overview of the results. It lists the z-average and up to three peaks by intensity with their respective mean size, the area under the peak in % intensity and the standard deviation of the peak. In addition, several relevant sample identifiers and measurement conditions, like the sample name,  file name, refractive index of …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Electrophoretic light scattering, Meet the Experts, Particle size, Protein Aggregation, Zeta potential, Zetasizer »

[11 Oct 2016 | ]

Adjuvants for vaccination – How size and zeta may be relevant
 
What is an adjuvant?
Adjuvants are substances which are added to medicines to trigger and enhance an immune response to an antigen. In the USA, the most commonly-used adjuvant is alum, and many vaccines in use today contain some aluminum components to help the vaccine work better. While the exact mechanisms of how adjuvants work is unclear to some extent, a typical adjuvant component is much larger than the antigen or antibody itself, often around 100 nm in radius.
In a paper entitled …

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Malvern Events, Particle shape, Particle size, Rheological and Viscosity »

[6 Oct 2016 | ]

Best practices for characterizing and manufacturing battery slurries and electrodes
The market for batteries is rapidly growing, and the increased demand for portable electronic devices, including mobile phones and laptops requires greater advances in battery technology in order to provide a light weight, long lasting and stable power source. Battery technology is also being pushed further in electric vehicle applications, which require even more lightweight, higher power and faster charging batteries.

Critical for the development and production of a battery is getting the right material composition and putting it together in such …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[20 Sep 2016 | ]

Washing dishes with DLS

How does dish washing work?
Surfactants have seemingly magical properties: combine greasy plates with dish washing liquid and hot water and the dishes become squeaky clean again.
So, how does that actually work?
Detergents are often amphiphilic molecules which means that have both a hydrophilic and a hydrophobic end. If the detergent concentration is high enough (that is above the cmc or critical micelle concentration) the fat friendly ends self-assemble into micelles with the water-friendly ends sticking out into the surrounding water.
When the micelles comes in contact with a …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis, Nanosight, Particle concentration, Particle size, Protein Aggregation, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[15 Sep 2016 | ]

Nanoparticle Tracking Analysis or Dynamic Light Scattering ?
After a recent joint NanoSight and Zetasizer demonstration, I received this set of questions that helps illustrate the core of the issue of these two techniques:

Since the Nanosight gives me particle concentration, it’s somewhat straightforward to calculate what % of my Nanoparticles are aggregated. Can I calculate % aggregated particles in the DLS as well?  Or does the varying amount of intensity, and the protein+nanoparticle mixture in the sample confound that calculation?

If I wanted to measure non-spherical particles (for example nanorods), which system …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Laser Diffraction, Mastersizer, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[25 Aug 2016 | ]

Size distributions are a description of the fact that not every component in the sample has the same size.  There is a range of sizes present, as mathematically described by a distribution.
There are different ways to represent this distribution in terms of:

Intensity – How much light comes from the different components?
Volume or mass – How much volume is present in the different components?
Number – How many particles are present in the different components?

This often causes confusion, and the intensity volume number issue is one of the most popular blogs.
Intuitively most …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Molecular size, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[16 Aug 2016 | ]

Why are my particles measuring too small?
The technique of  Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) has become quite standard in many biophysical characterization labs, often alongside common tools like UV-Vis, SEC, AUC, Fluorescence, NMR, AFM, SAXS, or Mass Spec.  As DLS systems (like the Malvern Zetasizer Nano) have become ever easier to use we see an increasing range of applications and research. By observing and analyzing intensity fluctuations in a sample, we can find the diffusion coefficient and, with known viscosity, the corresponding size. Inevitably, at some point the size measured will not …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[2 Aug 2016 | ]

Ink formulation screening: Tools for increased throughput
I thought I would take this opportunity to share some data that was collected in one of our laboratories at the Malvern Instruments headquarters in the UK. We have been working with various  batches of blue and red inks, and using the Zetasizer Nano ZSP to measure parameters related to the performance of ink formulations (such as particle size).
Utilizing the Zetasizer NanoSampler (our automated sample introduction accessory), this not only allowed the instrument to measure the samples unsupervised (even overnight!), but we were able to …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Molecular size, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[21 Jul 2016 | ]

“What is dynamic light scattering?” Find out in less than 5 minutes!
Although we’ve gone into deeper detail in previous posts , every once in a while it’s nice to recap on the basics. A few years ago, our presentation “Dynamic Light Scattering Primer” was among the top three recordings in the Malvern charts for months in a row. Over the last decade, DLS has  become one of the de facto nanoparticle characterization standard methods. And it’s used not only for nanoparticles, but also for molecules, proteins, drug delivery particles, liposomes, virus like particles, …

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Chemical identification, Image Analysis, Laser Diffraction, Malvern Events, Mastersizer, Morphologi G3-ID, Particle shape, Particle size, Raman spectroscopy »

[29 Jun 2016 | ]

Over the past week I’ve had a lot of fun working with Malvern’s team in China to deliver a series of seminars designed to help researchers engaged in pharmaceutical product development. These meetings focused on how Malvern’s material characterization systems can help those developing and manufacturing oral solid dose formulations. During the seminar series, we had the privilege of meeting with well over 200 customers, providing us with the chance to learn about the challenges they are facing in product development, as they seek to select APIs and excipients which …

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Dynamic Light Scattering, Laser Diffraction, Mastersizer, Particle size, Tech Talk, Zetasizer »

[23 Jun 2016 | ]

Analysis of Mushroom Farming – Mushrooms meet Malvern
Malvern Instruments has made its name in particle sizing: the flagships Mastersizer and  Zetasizer have become the de facto global standard tools for particle sizing from nanometers to millimeters.  The breadth of applications for these technologies is simply astounding and we are constantly seeing new uses in diverse areas. As just one example, the video below shows use of a Mastersizer 2000 in a Lingzhi mushroom research facility, where state-of-the-art cultivation techniques are developed and improved.

The Lingzhi mushroom is also known as the reishi mushroom and …

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