Here is a simple chromatogram of Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA). Yes, BSA is ubiquitous…and this one came from Sigma. The run conditions are detailed in the table.

Run BufferPBS
Flow Rate [mL/min]0.800
Column SetP2500 + P3000
Column Temp (°C)30.0
Injection volume μL80.0
Concentration [mg/mL]6.96
Mw Weight Average [Da]65,001
Sample dn/dc [mL/g]0.185
Sample IV [dL/g]0.0311
Bovine Serum Albumin chromatogram, displaying signal from RI, Viscometer, RALS and LALS light scattering

Chromatogram of BSA: Refractive Index (RI), Viscosity, Right Angle Light Scattering (RALS) and Low Angle Light Scattering (LALS) signals versus elution volume.

The sample shows excellent separation between the monomer and dimer peaks. Calculated molecular weights are within 3% of the expected values and are stable across the width of the peaks showing monodisperse populations are eluting.
Additionally, the 7º (LALS) and 90º (RALS) light scattering measurements overlay demonstrating that at these molecular sizes, only one angle is necessary for highly accurate and reproducible molecular weight measurements.


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